Rewheel's market research report on mobile data cost competitiveness, among others, found that Mobile network consolidation yields higher prices. The report, which is based on April and May tariffs,found that mobile operators charge over three times more per GB on a smartphone package in Germany (EUR 24) than in the UK (EUR 7), and up to 15 times more than in some small EU member states such as Finland (EUR 1.60. Based on the average price per GB in data-only plans, the study found the Netherlands is the most expensive country in the EU, at EUR 8.50. This is up to 14 times more than in the cheapest countries, such as Austria, Denmark and Finland, where data costs less than EUR 1 per GB.
"EU’s single telecom market is threatened by the lack of mobile network infrastructure based competition within the national borders of half of EU’s member states and from the noticeable absence of pan-European retail operators offering borderless European tariffs."